Chinese President Xi Jinping secured an unprecedented third term at the 20th Party Congress, cementing his place as an unrivaled authority over the second largest economy of the world. Xi Jinping has employed the use of Chinese nationalism in order to advance his policies and achieve the objective of rejuvenating the nation, referred to as the ‘China dream’. His ideas for rejuvenating China and reinstating communist values, referred to as Xi Jinping Thoughts, have been adopted by the Communist Party of China as a guiding principle for their future endeavours.
The Chinese Government under Xi Jinping’s leadership may demonstrate a tendency towards assertiveness in international affairs, a refusal to compromise on boundary issues, and a willingness to use both traditional and non-traditional means for achieving China’s goals. Given India’s adversarial relations with Beijing post-Galwan, it is important to understand the nuances of Beijing’s assertive foreign policy under Xi Jinping in his third term and its implications for New Delhi.
It was in this context that the Press Institute of India hosted on August 19 and 20 a conference, titled, ‘Xi Jinping’s third term: Implications for India and the global order’. The conference was organised by the China Study Forum in collaboration with the School of International Cooperation, Security and Strategic Languages, Rashtriya Raksha University, and the National Maritime Foundation. The China Study Forum comprises the Chennai Centre for China Studies (C3S), the Institute of Contemporary Studies Bangalore (ICSB), the Press Institute of India (PII), Chennai, and the Foundation for Non-violent Alternatives (FNVA), New Delhi.